Section 8 is a finite list. The master list of tasks/authority is referenced by Amendment IX, the cornerstone of our Constitution.
"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."
- Amendment IX
Full and final authority resides with WE THE PEOPLE.
“Grave threats to liberty often come in times of urgency, when constitutional rights seem to extravagant to endure.”
Thurgood Marshall, reflecting on Lincoln’s suspension of Habeas Corpus
The limited authority given to Congress should also be viewed thru the following criteria.
"Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws." - Plato |
"Each law creates new criminals" - Mike Kolls
As a US Representative I will only vote for legislation that:
If gov't cannot "act" because of the constraints above, how does anything get done? The Free Market!
Social issues belong to THE PEOPLE and their community.
I will NOT fund anything that increases the size, scope, or reach of the federal gov't.
Second, the following list is delegated to The House for action:
Neither force of Law,
If you don't see an issue listed above, check out the list of social issues reserved for The People.
For The SenateThe Senate has primary responsibility for all activities involving other sovereign nations.
However, as a keeper-of-the-purse, I can influence Senate decisions. I will NOT fund international programs/activities that diminish or challenge our national sovereignty.
The United States
National security would be more effective if we approached ALL other nations as equal, sovereign nations… to pursue them as trading partners, NOT as military targets. We are NOT mercenaries, nor thugs. Foreign affairs are NOT military adventurism/engagements. Cooperation is far more effective than conflict.
US ExceptionalismUS Exceptionalism should be by example, NOT via coercion. Being a global bully does NOT make us exceptional; it just makes a bully.
How does invasion, destruction, and occupation advance the brand of the United States? IMO, military adventurism just makes us a bigger target and fosters additional mistrust, tension, and anger.
Separation of Power
US Federalism / Strong Sovereign StatesFederalist Papers # 42 thru 47 detail the shared authority between the Sovereign States and the common federal Union.
Remember, the states formed a confederation, the federal Union - a confederation, NOT a consolidation. This arrangement has been obliterated by Progressivism and the march of BIG gov't.
I advocate a return to strong Sovereign States.
The highlights from these crucial writings of the young republic.
The Federalist Papers and Federal LawSCOTUS decisions (thru 1986) cited The Federalist Papers ("Papers") 244 times. It is evident, the Paper's authority is recognized by SCOTUS.
In this light, the Papers are also a definitive understanding of other constitutional provisions.
Life, Liberty, Property!Web Author - Mike Kolls